Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia) Essential Oil

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Calming the mind can be an exhaustive exercise. We all have weeks where the days seem so blended and tangled together that unraveling our thoughts feels impossible.

When life feels messy, Bergamot essential oil may help relieve scattered thoughts while promoting focus and clarity. Diffusing Bergamot with Lavender before bedtime can lead to sweet dreams and a restful wake. The clean uplifting citrus aroma will brighten your day and enhance feelings of wellbeing. It is also supportive in natural bug protection preparations.  

Native to Southeast Asia, Bergamot is cold pressed then vacuum distilled (if bergapten free) from the fruit of an evergreen citrus tree. The fragrant trees also line the Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria.  This small inedible fruit, grown prolifically in the Mediterranean climate was named after the town of Bergamo, Italy, where it is said, it was first distilled. It is well known for its use in the perfume and food industries, but don’t confuse it with other commonly named bergamots, such as bee balm (Monarda didyma) or bergamot mint (Mentha citrata).  Many traditional herbal formulas included a variety of citrus fruit peels to enhance digestion. 

Although the tree bears non-edible green and yellow fruit, the essential oil of the fruit has been used for its soothing aroma within perfumes and confections. Bergamot oil gives the world’s most popular scented, flavored tea – Earl Grey – its heady citrus aroma and flavor.  This lively essential oil is frequently added to perfumes and cosmetics. It is a major component in the original “4711 Cologne” formulated at the beginning of 18th-century Germany.

Use this essential oil sparingly; one drop goes a long way because it oh so VERY potent and concentrated!


- Botanical Name: Citrus Bergamia
- Variety: Is phototoxic - Avoid sunlight or UV rays for up to 12 hours after applying topically). See below for safety and usage.
- Origin: India
- Method: Cold Pressed
- Plant Part: Peel
- Note: Top
- Family: Rutaceae
- Blends Well With: Geranium, and other florals; Other citruses, Basil, Clary Sage, Lavender, Frankincense, Sandalwood.
- Aroma: The aroma is basically citrus, yet fruity and sweet with a warm spicy floral quality, and is reminiscent of Neroli and Lavender oil. The odor is at first enlivening, giving way to a warm, comforting feeling.
- Consistency: Thin
- Color: Greenish - Yellow
- Purity: 100% (NOT diluted; NO additives; NO fillers - EVER)
- Therapeutic/Medicinal Quality?: Yes!!
- Shelf Life: 3 Years


(Potential to be useful when used safely and appropriately)

- Circulatory: arthritis
- Digestive: upset stomach, gas, bloating, indigestion, dyspepsia, parasites
- Immune: cold, flu, infection, inflammation, virus
- Limbic/Emotional: anxiety, depression, irritability, stress, tension,
- Muscular: spasm, cramp, ache, pain
- Nervous: palpitations, nerve pain
- Respiratory: congestion, bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, whooping cough
- Skin: bacterial infection, athlete's foot, eczema, psoriasis, acne, body odor, burn, wound, scar, irritation, itch, rash
- Home: airborne germs, surface germs

- Additionally: insomnia.


(Please reference the Appendix on this site for definitions)

analgesic, anti-bacterial (bactericidal), anti-catarrhal (expectorant/mucolytic), anti-depressant, anti-helmintic (vermifuge), anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory/anti-phlogistic, anti-microbial, anti-septic (pulmonary, genitourinary), anti-parasitic (parasiticide), anti-spasmodic, anti-toxic, anti-viral (viricidal), calming, carminative, cicatrisant, deodorant, digestive, disinfectant, diuretic, febrifugal, laxative, nervine/neurotonic, parasiticidal, rubefacient, sedative (digestive, limbic, nervous), stomachic, tonic, vulnerary.


Diffusion: Use one to four drops in the diffuser of your choice (this oil is VERY strong/potent, but you decide how strong you want the scent to be). Ideally, diffuse essential oils for 30-60 minutes on, then 30-60 minutes off. This is not only safer, but it’s also more effective as both our bodies and our nervous system habituate to essential oils after this period of time. Whenever you are using or diffusing essential oils, some air exchange (fresh air) is advisable. Do not diffuse around cats.

Topical use: Apply one to two drops to desired area. Dilute with a carrier oil (Jojoba, Sunflower, Olive, Coconut, Almond, etc.) to minimize any skin sensitivity. Proper dilution ratio and a link for you to learn how to properly dilute is below. See below for safety and usage with the sunlight and tanning beds.


CAUTION: Is phototoxic. Avoid sunlight, tanning beds or UV rays for up to 12 hours after applying topically (photo-sensitivity/toxicity). See the following link for how to stay safe in the sunlight or tanning bed when using this variety of Bergamot:

- Safe for which ages?: All
- Safe for pregnancy?: Yes
- Safe for Breastfeeding?: Yes
- Safe for dog?: Yes
- Safe for cat?: No

Kids Max Topical Dilution: 1%* based on bergapten content. Using more than topical max can cause phototoxic reactions such as redness, irritation, pigmentation changes, edema, or blistering with exposure to the sun.

Adult Max Topical Dilution: 0.4%* (same caution info as for kids in paragraph above - please read).

*Steam distilled (bergapten-free) Bergamot has no topical max and does not cause phototoxic reactions. Essentials n' Thyme's Bergamot is not steam distilled. It DOES need to be diluted and DOES cause phototoxic reactions.

Learn more about dilution for all ages, bottle types, etc.

NEVER USE ESSENTIAL OILS INTERNALLY IN ANY AMOUNT, UNLESS DIRECTED BY A LICENSED AROMATHERAPIST OR PHYSICIAN. If under a doctor’s care, consult physician. Discontinue use if skin sensitivity occurs. Avoid contact with eyes. Do not use undiluted on skin. Keep out of reach of children. Do not use on broken skin or on abrasions. 

Safety Guidelines & Explanations:

Information sourced from - Essential Oil Profiles: Aromatherapy reference manual for the beginner and beyond (book) by Lea Jacobson, Certified Clinical Aromatherapist. Purchase by clicking here.

Please see the following websites for different uses & safety:

Learn more about Bergamot:


Please keep out of the heat, the sun and the light. It is best to store essential oils in a cool, dark place or room. Do not leave in your vehicle in warm (75+ degrees) or very cold temperatures. Heat especially destroys the medicinal/therapeutic properties of essential oils. Make sure to keep cap tightly closed. It is best to use your essential oils within one year, although they will last much longer than that if taken care of properly (above). If not taken care of properly, essential oils can degrade and/or go rancid, and will no longer be medicinal/therapeutic for you.


The information provided is general and should not be taken as medical advice. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or disorder. Please consult your doctor, especially if being used during pregnancy, before using our Bergamot Essential Oil. Neither Victoria Kay Designs nor associated business entities guarantee the accuracy of this information.

Victoria Kay Designs is not responsible for users who use this essential oil unsafely. More than enough information, and reference information to legitimate sources is available on this website for users to educate themselves. If buyers/users choose not to educate themselves and use any essential oil irresponsibly - that is not the fault of this business. Victoria Kay Designs is not responsible for any ill-fated reactions, i.e. sensitivity, irritation, phototoxicity, internal damage (taking internally), illness, death, etc., etc. due to usage of any essential oil information on this website/not on this website, or essential oil sold on this website, or sold at arts & crafts shows. Users assume all responsibility once product passes into their hands.

These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA.